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CRM1301 (35)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Theory.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM1301
Professor
Rebecca Jesseman
Semester
Winter

Description
CRM1301 – Introduction to Theory - Theories can be concrete or abstract - Theories are generalizations; explain how two or more events are related to each other and the conditions under which hat relationship takes place - Empirical Knowledge: knowledge gained through experience (common sense, intuition, etc...) - Problem with theories: often illogical, product of selective observations - Good Theory: can be tested, best fits the evidence of research - Sometimes takes time to before ability to measure and produce evidence catches up with a theory - Validation: o Quantitative: measurable, testable o Qualitative: substance of a theory (quality)  Logical soundness (theory does not propose illogical relationships and that it is internally consistent)  The ability to make sense out of several conflicting positions (a theory that can reconcile two or more opposing facts)  Sensitizing ability (focusing people’s attention on a new direction of inquiry)  Popularity of theory between criminologists o Time order: event that occurs after another event is assumed to have cause the first event - Kinds of theory: o Unit Theory: emphasize a particular problem and make testable assertions about that problem o Meta-theories: ‘‘Theories about theories’’ o Macrotheories: broad scope, ‘
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