CRM 1300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Victims Family, Property Crime, Intimate Partner Violence

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18 Sep 2016
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Reading #3
Friday September 24th, 2015
CHAPTER #4
VICTIMS AND VICTIMIZATION
Defining Victims and Studying Victimization
Crime Victim: is someone who suffers because of a crime
Institutional: that the very structure of society is one that inherently oppresses,
subtly or more overtly, the poor, women, and people of color
The Patterning of Victimization
2% of American’s age 12 and older experience a violent crime annually
14% of U.S households experience property crime
The locations and people with the highest crime rates usually also have the
highest victimization rates
Geographical Patterns
Urban areas have a higher victimization rates than suburban or rural areas
Social Patterns
Victimization rates also vary by the demographic characteristics of people
Gender, Race, and Ethnicity
Males have a higher victimization rate than females
Males are more likely to become homicide victims
Women experience almost all the rape victimizations
Crime victimization is highest for Native Americans and lowest for Asians and
Pacific Islanders
African-Americans and Latinos have a slightly higher victimization rate than non-
Latino whites
Family Income
Generally the lower the income, the high rate of victimization
Property crime is also related to victimization (the lower the income, the higher
the rate of property-crime victimization
Age
Young people are more likely than other people to be violent-crime victims
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Reading #3
Friday September 24th, 2015
Victim-Offender Relationship
Strangers Versus Non-Strangers
Strangers only commit 41% of these offenses combines, the remainder committed
by family members, friends and acquaintances
Stranger commit 52% of men’s victimization but only 27% of women’s
victimization
Intimate- Partner Violence
Refers to any rape or sexual assault, robbery, or aggravated or simple assault
committed by someone with such a relationship to the victim
Women are more likely than men to suffer violence by intimate partners
Perceived Race, Gender and Age of Offenders
For all crimes involving one offender its most likely they are under the age of 30
Most crime is interracial: occurs within the same race
Crime Characteristics
Use of Alcohol and Other Drugs
Crime victims report rather heavy involvement of alcohol and drugs in the
commission of violent crimes
Time and Place of Occurrence
43% of violent crimes and 43% of property crimes occur during the night
56% of all rapes and sexual assaults occur at night along with 65% of all motor
vehicle thefts
Use of Weapons
20% of all violent crimes including 18% of assaults and 40% of robberies
Victim Self-Protection and Resistance
60% try to stop the violent crime from occurring
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