CRM 1300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Canadian Police Information Centre, Csi Effect

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CRM1300 CHAPTER 3 NOTES
[controlling crime]
WHAT IS A RECORD SUSPENSION?
Formally known as a pardon.
Allows offenders to set aside their criminal convictions.
Its when they move the criminal record of someone convicted of an offence so
that it is not searchable under a regular criminal record check.
WHAT ARE MANDATORY MINIMUM SENTENCES?
Ty’   ,       
sentencing.
The purpose of it is to make it a must that every offender who commits those
crimes is severely punished.
WHAT ARE THE CRIME CONTROL PHILODPHIES?
They are six philosophies, three under the due process model, and three under
the crime control model.
Section 718 of the
Criminal Code of Canada.
They do not exist in a pure form and are blended to reflect the characteristics
of the community and the circumstance of the case including proportionality.
CRIME CONTROL MODELTOUGH ON CRIME
Focus here is on the offence itself.
1. RetributionTaking revenge for wrongdoers.
Lex Talionis
y   y, 
   .
Just deserts
meaning that they will get what they deserve,
reflecting the seriousness of their crime. This usually involves harsh
punishments.
Ex; long prision sentencing.
2. Deterrencethis is the belief that criminal behaviours can be discouraged and
prevented by punishing offenders. Can be broken down into 2; Specific
deterrence, meaning the painful consequences of being punished will keep
someone from doing it again. General deterrence, meaning that after witnessing
    ’ ,      
likely to violate the law. It is more likely to work when punishments are applied
quickly, certainly and severely, which most of the time is not the case.
3. Incapacitationlocking them up for as long as possible so that they are away
 y    y ’  y  . T’ 
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