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Chapter 2

CRM 2309 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Psychological Abuse, Class Discrimination, Constipation

Course Code
CRM 2309
Erin Mc Cuaig

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Women, the embodiment of health and carceral space
Criminology of the body and the production of order in prison:
-Hierarchy of the body of the criminal;
-The body serves as an instrument
-In modern prison, the body remains central to the penality.
-The body is malleable under power.
-Punishment is therefore a complex social function and a political tactic, for the body is
invested, trained, marked.
Health before and during imprisonment. The corporeality of prison experience:
-Incarcerated women bear the consequences of racism, sexism and classism.
-Prior to incarceration, some women experience high-risk behaviours such as:
Injection drug use
trade sex/unprotected sex with high risk partners
-Most often have reduced access to healthcare services prior to incarceration
-Many women enter prison with a history of sexual, physical and psychological abuse.
-Between 50-80% of women incarcerated have been abused at least once or throughout
their lives.
-As soon as they are admitted, they have a “degradation ceremony” which produces
redefinition if not loss of identity.
-Hamelin notes that women (as well as men) are stripped of their identities as relatively
autonomous subjects.
-Women interviewed in Hamelin's research were found to think that this process was
used as a way to humiliate them.
-Eve recalls that she felt that they are treated as though they are lepers
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