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Chapter

Grammar (Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs, Conjunctions, etc.)
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Department
English
Course
ENG1100
Professor
Thomas Steffler
Semester
Fall

Description
Readings Chapter 9.1­2 and 10.3 Nouns – people, place, thing or concept   i.e luxury, wolf, fangs, vanities, conceits and success • Can be made singular or plural, possessive • Can put “a”, “an” or “the” in front • Can find a suffix “ion”, “ance”, “ence”, “ment”, “ty”, or “ness” Noun Type They name… Examples Proper Specific people, places and  Buckminster Fuller, Moose  things (has initial capital) Jaw, Honda Common General people, places or  Architect, town, car things Concrete Things you experience  Gravel, ice cream, storm through your senses Abstract Things you do not  Knowledge, liberation, fear experience with your senses Collective  Groups Jury, police, council Non­count Things that cannot be  Snow, porridge, water counted Count Things that can be counted Books, cornflakes Possessive Things that are owned by  Nathan’s someone Pronouns – replaces nouns  Pronoun Type Description Example Antecedent Word that replaces the noun Homer, Julie Personal The noun performing the  I, you, she, it, we, they action or are being  described  Objective personal  Nouns being acted on Me, you, him, it, us, them Possessive  Indicate ownership My, its, her, your, our, their Absolute Possessive  Indicate ownership by  Mine, yours, his, hers, its,  replacing noun and item  ours, theirs owned Relative Introduce subordinate  People who live in glass  clauses that operate at  house shouldn’t throw  adjectives stones. That is the reason that... Demonstrative Point to nouns This, that, those, these Interrogative Begin questions Who, whatever, whose,  what, which Reflexive Name the receiver and  Yourself, myself, himself,  performer of the action  itself, ourselves, themselves (identical person) Intensive Look like reflexive but are  You yourself… use to emphasize a nounr or  What matters is the work  pronoun itself Reciprocal  Refer to the separate parts  Kathleen and Aitken  of a plural antecedent despise each other or like one another Indefinite No one in particular;  Everyone, no one, anything,  general each, either, neither Articles – words that accompany and quantify nouns (they always come before) i.e The (definite), a and an (indefinite) Adjectives – modify nouns or pronouns (which one, what kind or how many)  i.e If you would be thrilled by watching the galloping advance of a major giacier, you’d  be ecstatic watching changes in publishing. •  Common  – descriptive (beautiful, young, dark) •  Prope  – Specific (Edwardian, Mongolian) •  Comparative   – comparing word (prettier, redder, taller) •  Superlativ  – most ____________ (reddest, greatest) Verbs – expresses action or a state of being (is, seemed) •  Gerunds  (­ing forms) cannot act as verbs unless they are linked with an auxiliary  very i.e  Smoking is bad for everyone. (gerund, not a verb) Marge’s sister was smoking a cigarette. (connected to “is” in past tense so  it’s a verb) •  Auxiliary  help verbs (be, do and have) •  Regular  (I/you/we/they love and he/she/it loves) and irregular verbs (I am,  you/we/they are, he/she/it is) Types Description Example Transitive Always requires object Ken hates math (object). Intransitive Does not require object She giggled. Linking Joins 
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