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HSS1101 (71)
Chapter 2

CHAPTER 2 -PsychoSocial.docx

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University of Ottawa
Health Sciences
W E N D Yduross

PSYCHOSOCIAL HEALTH – CHAPTER 2 Introduction Psychosocial health is comprised of four components: social 1. mental 2. emotional 3. spiritual Mental health “the thinking you”  represents cognitive (intellectual) capacity, which a way of describing rational thought; the ability to calculate, induce, deduce, and draw analogies are examples of cognitive abilities. 
  reasoning in problem solving  sharp declines in rational thinking may indicate poor mental health The emotional “the feeling you”  aspect represents the “feeling” component of a person‟s psyche; feelings such as happiness, joy, and love are common states of being associated with emotional health. 
  poor emotional health includes poor social health and poor academic performance Social Health  interactions with others; the ability to: interact with others individual or in groups use a provide social support adapt to a variety of social situation  aspects of social health include social bonds and social supports, promote physical and mental health.  A lack of social health may result in acts of prejudice and bias towards individuals or groups Spirituality  :being in the moment, having purpose in life, developing one‟s potential, and living with a sense of harmony.  Faith, hope, love  FOUR MAJOR THEMES OF SPIRITUAL HEALTH 1) Interconnectedness: connect to self, others, and larger purpose 2) Community: live in harmony 3) Everyday: develop to our fullest potential 4) Mindfulness: be fully present in the moment 
 People who are Psychosocially healthy are; Feel good about themselves Feel comfortable with other people Control tension and anxiety Meet the demands of life Curb hate and guilt Choose a positive outlook Enrich the lives of others Cherish things that make them smile Value diversity Appreciate and respect nature Mind and Body Describe the relationship between the mind and body identify the factors hat influence the development of resiliency and self-esteem External Factors Internal Influences  Family (dysfunctional families) and  Self-efficacy – belief in your ability to environment (drugs, crime increase perform a task successfully psychosocial issues)  Personal control – internal resources  Important to have access to health allow you to control a situation care services  self-esteem – self-respect and self worth  Learned helplessness – pattern of responding to situations by giving up because you always failed in the past  Learned Optimism – respond optimistic because you choose to view each situation positivity Personality 1) extroversion: the ability to adapt to a social situation and demonstrate assertiveness as well as power or international involvement 2) agreeableness : the ability to conform, be likeable, and demonstrate friendly compliance as well as love 3) openness to experience: willingness to demonstrate curiosity and independence (also referred to as inquiring intellect) 4) emotional stability (the ability to maintain social control) 5) conscientiousness: being dependable and demonstrating self-control, discipline and need to achieve. Resiliency and developmental assets “Resiliency or protective factors” traits or characteristics that protect individual or community from threat or harm  better prepared to meet challenges than others  cope and thrive in stress or pressure Getting Adequate Rest Getting adequate sleep is a key contributor to physical and psychical and psychosocial functioning  Establish a consistent sleep schedule  Don‟t drink alcohol or smoke  Avoid eating heavy in the evening  Engage in regular activit, reduce caffeinated beverages etc Developing and Maintaining Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy 1) 
 • Finding a Support Group 
 • 2) Trying to be a support for others 
 • 3) Completing Required Tasks 
 • 4) Forming Realistic Expectations 
 • 5) Taking and Making Time for You 
 • 6) Maintaining Physical Health 
 • 7) Examining Problems and Seeking Help What is the Relationship Between the Mind and Body? Understanding the Mind-Body Connection Happiness appears to have positive benefits Does Laughter Enhance Psychosocial Health? Studies have shown the following:  
 • Stressed people with a strong sense of humour become less depressed 
  • Students who use humour as a coping mechanism report that it predisposes them to a positive mood 
  • Telling a joke increases one‟s sense of belonging and social cohesion  
 • Past research focused on negative emotions and disease
  • Connection to positive emotions may hold key to future advances in health Happiness and Physical Health Components of subjective well-being (SWB) = inner peace and overall feel good state 1) Satisfaction with present life 2) Relative presence of positive emotions 3) Relative absence of negative emotions DEPRESSION What are Mental Illnesses? 
 Disorders that disrupt thinking, feeling, moods, and behaviours, and cause a varying degree of impaired functioning in daily life • Estimated
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