March 6 Plan.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Ottawa
International Development and Globalization
Sonia Gulati

March 6, 2014 Plan “Caught in the Crossfire: Conflict” • Looks at the effects of violent conflict on the health, education, and wellbeing of girls when the attention of the world is focused on war and not those affected. Also examines some of the new possibilities that are created for girls out of chaos, such as forcing girls into unfamiliar and non-traditional gender roles. o A third of all child soldiers are girls and this number is increasing. • Girls remain invisible during violent conflict, either ignored in humanitarian responses or treated as simple victims of sexual and other types of violence. A lack of focus increases vulnerability to violence and reduces their access to the services/support they need. o Why are girls vulnerable?  Power imbalance before girls and boys prior to conflict is exacerbated —‘enemy girls’ raped, captured, enslaved in conflict. Young women have also participated in conflicts as soldiers, camp supporters, cooks, messengers, medical assistants, and sex workers. • Or, by taking over men’s jobs while men are off to war.  Nature of war has changed dramatically in the last two decades; • Violent conflicts are lasting longer with varying levels of overt violence and little certainty of lasting peace. o Greater poverty and vulnerability and increasing people internally displaced. • Sexual violence and rape has become a deliberate tactic to destroy another’s culture and change its future population. o Ie. In Sudan, girls targeted in inter-ethnic conflicts to humiliate a group. • What do young people want? o Peace o Education and health services  If a girl has not been to school before the conflict, she is more likely to see it as a priority once the fighting stops and she needs to build her own future.  Comprehensive sexual and reproductive healthcare. • Education the key to success; o Girls are particularly vulnerable to abuse and unequal access to schooling in fragile states. States can be fragile for a range of reasons, including conflict and lack of resources.  Failure to deliver core functions of government; security, managing the economy, and delivering basic services. • In Somalia, only 11% of primary school-aged children have access to formal education. Most Somali schools concentrated in urban areas and exclude rural children, specifically nomadic children. o Conflict may also have some positive impacts on girls;  First chance to attend school for some girls, such as those in refugee situations where schooling is supported by the UN High Commission of Refugees.  Education often prioritised by conflict-affected populations as a future- oriented activity that will help individuals.  Children keen to attend schools to apply their minds on something other than the conflict and girls can play and socialise with siblings (previously unable to due to security concerns and household responsibility). • Why do girls miss out on education? Demand and Supply factors o Supply;  Pre-mature drop out likely to occur because parents fear their child’s safety both in school and the journey to and from school. Early marriage may be adopted as a strategy to protect daughters, but one that results in premature school drop-out.  There may not be a school to go to; may be destroyed by fighting. Ie. 80% of schools in Libya prior to 1989 destroyed during the civil war.  Schools may be damaged, not maintained, or without sanitary facilities and girls may miss school during menstruation.  Boys also might miss out as they may be forced to recruit by fighting forces.  School may also reinforce ethnic, religi
More Less

Related notes for DVM2110

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.