PHI 1101 Chapter 1: PHI1101 Chapter 1 Reading
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Argument: Set of claims, one of which (conclusion) is meant to be supported by the
Conclusion: a claim meant to be supported by reasons offered in the argument.
Premise: A claim put forth as a reason for a conclusion.
Argument = Premise + Claim
Inference: a move from premises in an argument to a conclusion
Inference Indicators: include premise and conclusion indicators.
Enthymemes: arguments that have implicit (unstated) premises or conclusions.
-Words used to indicate that a premise is about to be given.
Since, Because, For, For the reason that, Seeing as, As is implied by, The reason is that,
On account of the fact that.
-Words used to indicate that a conclusion is about to be drawn.
Therefore, Consquently, Hence, We may conclude, It follows that, Which shows that,
This entails that, Here are some of the reasons why.
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