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Chapter 5-8

POL 1101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5-8: Totalitarianism, Authoritarianism

Political Science
Course Code
POL 1101
Matthew Kerby

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Chapter 5: Community
Size and democracy: Small communities are comparatively advantageous for soft, democratic
forms of government, while large scale units can be efficient for the provision of public goods.
Multilevel governance: Multiple levels of government, including local, state, and global, are
necessary for an efficient provision of public goods at diverse territorial scales
Community: A set of people accepting to make enforceable collective decisions on issues of
common interest
Empire: A vast compound of diverse territorial units with a set of multilevel jurisdictions; very
large in size, absence of fixed and permanent boundaries, a compound of diverse groups and
territorial units, a set of multilevel, often overlapping jurisdictions
Multinational state: A state in which power is shared by people of multiple regions, races and
Nation: A culturally unified, relatively harmonious community
Nation State: A culturally unified community within a sovereignty state
Sovereignty: A single source of legitimacy holding the monopoly of organized violence
State: A sovereign power over the population within a fixed territory with clear borders; large or
medium size, fixed territory and boarders, sovereignty and monopoly, and homogenization
Chapter 6: Federation
Democratic Benefits; decision making process: deliberation, aggregation and enforcement
Bicameralism: The lower chamber in the assembly represents the entire population while the
upper chamber gives overrepresentation to the people in the small territories
Federation: Local self-government and large-scale union, implying self-rule and shared rule
Fragmentation: # of different ethnic groups, as can be defined by religious, racial, or language I,
weighed by their size
Polarization: Relative sizes of different ethnic groups
Political decentralization: Share of local governments controlled by parties not in the central
Vertical division of powers: Allocation of different powers to the central and local governments
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