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Chapter 12

POL1102 Chapter 12: Chapter 12

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Daniel Pierre- Antoine

Chapter 12: Resource Issues - Deforestation occurs when people cut down trees without planting enough new ones to replace them. This leads to the loss of species - Rapid climate change has significant effects including rising sea levels, warming oceans, decreasing ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, declining Arctic sea ice, and retreating glaciers o Such pollution not only worsens the problems of global warming and the depletion of the ozone layer (which shields the earth from harmful UV radiation) but also creates health problems - By 2025, it is estimated that more than two-thirds of the world’s population will be water-stressed and 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity - An estimated 1.1 billion people lack clean and safe water, and approximately 2.5 billion people live without adequate sanitation - The international community has met the MDG target of halving the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water - The quantity of food produced is generally adequate but its distribution is not - Many people in developing countries have inadequate supplies of protein and other nutritional necessities - The major reason for chronic shortages of food is poverty—the lack of sufficient income to buy food or means to grow it - Flooding, drought, warfare, and misguided economic prog
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