7 – Shared and Divergent Values
Charles Taylor (1991)
• Are there divergences of value between the different regions of Canada?
• Similarities between English Canada vs. French Canada – equality, nondiscrimination,
the rule of law, the mores of representative democracy, etc.
• Compared to its history, today, French Canada has rejoined English Canada
• However, we are still close to a breakup
• The question for Quebec - whether or not to be a part of Canada.
• What binds Canada together outside Quebec is no longer a common provenance, but the
bonding elements in political institutions and ways of being.
• Britishness defined itself largely in terms of political institutions: parliamentary
government, a judicial tradition, etc.
• Canadians feel that they are different fromAmericans: peace, order, and good
government vs. violence
• (a) law and order; (b) collective provision
• English Canada has become more diverse and less “English” over the decades
• Become multicultural due to the inflow of immigrants who do not fit a certain mould
• What is the Canadian identity?
• Canada is a mosaic rather than a melting pot
• Its distinct language and culture sets it apart fromAmericans and English Canadians
• Want to keep their provincial social programs
• The really survivable elements of la nation candienne-francaise are only to be found in
• Language as one of the prime goals of political society (issue between independent
Quebec and remaining in Canada) Equality of What?
• Agreat area of conflict is between the demands of a special status for Quebec, and
those of regional equality between provinces
• Caused be misunderstanding and mutual misperception
• Quebec’s demand for special status is to assume a wider range of responsibilities
and great autonomy
• The call for regional equality usually comes from those who feel that their
interests have been given insufficient weight in federal policymaking (aims for
involvement in this process)