Textbook Notes (362,842)
Canada (158,078)
POL2101 (26)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 – People to People, Nation to Nation

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Luc Turgeon

Chapter 8 – People to People, Nation to Nation Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1996) • Following the confrontation of Mohawk warriors with the CanadianArmed Forces at Oka and Kahnawake in 1990, the Mulroney government established the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. 4 Reasons the Commission was compelled to work out fair and lasting terms of coexistence with theAboriginal people: 1. Canada’s claim to be a fair and enlightened society depends on it 2. The life changes of Aboriginal people must be improved 3. Previous negotiations have proven ineffective in settling grievances 4. Continued failure may lead to violence Canada as a Fair and Enlightened Society  Canada – a place where human rights and dignity are guaranteed, where the rules of liberal democracy are respected, where diversity among peoples is celebrated  Canada was founded on a series of bargains withAboriginal peoples that were never honored. Instead,Aboriginal people were removed from their homelands, had their nations and governments suppressed, had their cultures undermined, and their identities were stifled. The Problems of Aboriginal People • Life expectancy is lower • Illness is more common • Human problems (family violence, alcohol abuse, etc) are more common • Fewer high school graduates • Poor living conditions • Inadequate water and sanitation systems • Fewer jobs • High rate of incarceration  Result of loss of lands and resources, destruction of their economies and social institutions, and denial of their nationhood WhatAboriginal people need: • Control over their lives rather than the paternalism of the Canadian government • Lands, resources, and self-chosen governments to reconstruct social, economic, and political order • Time, space, and respect from Canada to revive their cultures Ghosts of History:  Dishonored treaties  Theft of Aboriginal lands  Suppression ofAboriginal cultures  Abduction ofAboriginal children  Impoverishment and disempowerment ofAboriginal peoples 4 Stages of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people: o Initially, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people lived on separate continents and knew nothing of one another o Following the years of first contact, fragile relations of peace, friendship, and rough equality were given the force of law in treaties o Then power titled toward non-Aboriginal people and governments. They moved Aboriginal people off their land and took steps to “civilize” and teach them European ways. o Now is a time of recovery forAboriginal people – a time to review the relationship and renegotiate. Treaty Making • Long before the Europeans arrived,Aboriginal nations established treaties between themselves to ensure peace, reg ulate trade, share use of lands and resources, and arrange mut
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