35 – Wasase: Indigenous Pathways ofAction and Freedom
Taiaiake Alfred (2005)
• Indigenous peoples differ from each other but share similarities: regain freedom and
become self-sufficient under colonial dominion.
• Political and social institutions have been shaped and organized to serve white power
• Two viable approaches to engaging the colonial power thoroughly embedded in the state
and societal structures: armed resistance and non-violent contention
• Atrue deco