Textbook Notes (368,434)
Canada (161,878)
POL2101 (26)
Chapter 1

Chapters 1, 67 & 73

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Political Science
Luc Turgeon

Chapter 1 - John A. Macdonald and George-Etienne Cartier The Confederation Debates in the Province of Canada • The leading member of the “Grand Coalition” of Conservatives and Liberals formed in 1864 to govern the Province of Canada (Ontario & Quebec) and settle its constitutional future. • The importance of instituting one system of government among the 5 provinces (Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia…) • Altering the Constitution is effect (based off the Constitution of Great Britain). After 78 years, knowledge to improve the constitution is available. • Critique of theAmerican system of government (the power of the president) – the “Canadian” way – one system of government instead of 5 branches • If we were united together, we would form a political nationality with which neither the national origin, nor the religion of any individual, would interfere. • French-Canadians were concerned that they would lose their religion and nationality Chapter 67 – Conservatism, Liberalism, and Socialism in Canada:An Interpretation Gad Horowitz (1966) • In the U.S., socialism is dead. But in Canada, it is still a prevalent force. • Why? The strength of socialism in Canada is related to the relative strength of Toryism and to the different position and character of liberalism in the two countries. • Canadian socialism is weaker than European socialism, but stronger thanAmerican socialism. • Louis Hartz “The Liberal Tradition inAmerica” – ideological development – departure from Europe (fragments) • U.S. & Canada – bourgeois fragments founded by bearers of liberal individualism who have left the Tory end of the spectrum behind • Explains the divergence in ideologies (choosing a different path) • The absence of socialism is related to the absence of Toryism • At its most extreme, socialism is a demand for the abolition of classes so that
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