Chapter 3 - Proposing Explanations, Framing Hypotheses, and Making Comparisons
Three Steps in the Measurement Process
1. Clearly define the concept to be measured
2. Determine how to measure the concept accurately
3. Select variables that measure the concept precisely
2 Question Elements
1. Each question must make an explicit observation about a characteristic that caries; each
cites a variable
2. Each question implicitly requests a casual explanation for the observed differences
• Hypothesis – Atestable statement about the empirical relationship between cause and
effect. It is a conditional statement and it contains a methodological essence.
An acceptable explanation of research is a long paragraph that discusses whether or not it
can be tested.Ahypothesis is directly based on the explanation that has been proposed.
AHypothesis is a testable statement of