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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Review Class 6.docx

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Christine Mountney

CHAPTER 12 REVIEW EMOTIONS STRESSHEALTHTheories of Emotion 1 What are the components of an emotionEmotions are psychological responses of the whole organism involving an interplay among 1 physiological arousal 2 expressive behaviors and 3 conscious experience differences have been found in activity in the brains cortical areas in use of brain pathways and in secretion of hormones associated with different emotions Polygraphs measure several physiological indicators of emotion but they are not accurate enough to justify their widespread use in business and law enforcement The use of guilty knowledge questions and new forms of technology may produce better indications of lyingEmbodied Emotion 2 What is the link between emotional arousal and the autonomic nervous systemEmotions are both psychological and physiological Much of the physiological activity is controlled by the autonomic nervous systems sympathetic arousing and parasympathetic calming divisions Our performance on a task is usually best when arousal is moderate though this varies with the difficulty of the task3 Do different emotions activate different physiological and brainpattern responses Emotions may be similarly arousing but there are some subtle physiological responses that distinguish them More meaning4 To experience emotions must we consciously interpret and label themSchachter and Singers twofactor theory of emotion contends that the cognitive labels we put on our states of arousal are an essential ingredient of emotion Lazarus agreed that cognition is essential Many important emotions arise from our interpretations or inferences Zajonc and LeDoux however believe that some simple emotional responses occur instantly not only outside our conscious awareness but before any cognitive processing occurs The interplay between emotion and cognition again illustrates our dualtrack mind Expressed Emotion 5 How do we communicate nonverballyMuch of our communication is through the silent language of the body Even very thin secondslong filmed slices of behavior can reveal feelings Women tend to be better at reading peoples emotional cues6 Are nonverbal expressions of emotion universally understoodSome gestures are culturally determined Facial expressions such as those of happiness and fear are common the world over Cultures differ in the amount of emotion they express
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