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PSY2105 (102)
Chapter 10

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY2105
Professor
David Collins
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 10 Intelligence: a person’s ability to learn and remember information, to recognize concepts  and their relations, and to apply their own behavior in an adaptive way  Historical background th ­ End of the 19  century: psychologists from US and Europe tried to measure  individual differences in intelligence  ­ In England, Galton built a laboratory to study sensory functioning  ­ In France, Binet worked on a method to measure intelligence  ­ In the first 20 years, little was accomplished, but there were two important papers  written one year apart from each other  o 1904: Spearman   first systematic theory of intelligence  o 1905: Binet and Simon  first test of intelligence  Spearman’s two­factor theory ­ modeled to test Galton’s hypothesis  o Intelligence is…  Principle of cognition  Apprehension of experience   Education of relations o He found that measures of sensory functions were positively correlated  with measures of intelligence  ­ He assumed that all little parts of intelligence was related to a common general  intellectual function  ­ Scores of measure on intelligence in two ways: o G­factor: is a factor that is common to all intellectual facts  o S­factor: is a factor that is particular to a specific task  Binet and Simon ­ they made a test to help assign children to the appropriate class as teachers were  not able to tell which children needed more of a challenge or less of a challenge  ­ they believed that children follow the same course of intelligence but develop at  different times  The Psychometric Approach ­ psychometrics: uses stan
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