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Chapter 2

Chapter Two- Psychoanalysis.docx

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University of Ottawa
Peggy Kleinplatz

Chapter Two- Psychoanalysis Freud began using the “talking method” with his own patients, and he concluded that at the time of the original trauma the patient had to hold back a strong emotion. The patient had forgotten the event and was unconscious or aware of it. - His concept of unconscious processes is a dynamic one in which certain forces repress undesirable thoughts and then actively resist their becoming conscious. An emotion that is prevented from expressing itself normally may be expressed through neurotic symptoms. - Wishes are repressed because they are at odds with a person’s self-concept. - Ideally, the expression of emotions is non-destructive. Free association: the patient is asked to verbalize whatever comes to mind no matter how insignificant, trivial or even unpleasant the idea might be. Later they reflect on their associations. - Was used to help his patients recover repressed ideas. Freud considered slips and dreams to be the royal road to the unconscious. - Slips are bungled acts: a slip of the tongue, or a lapse of memory. It expresses a personal motive as well. - The manifest dream: is the dream as it is remembered the next morning o Disguised fulfillment of repressed wishes - The latent dream: is the meaning or motive underlying the manifest dream Dream work: disguises the unconscious dream wishes and converts them into the manifest dream. - Symbols- may be unique to the individual or universal The nature of our repressed wishes and desires is sexual. - Sexuality is pleasure seeking. - Drive: a psychological or mental representation of an inner bodily source of excitement o Form of energy that cannot be reduced to either a bodily aspect or a mental one because it combines both components. - Libido: the emotional and psychic energy derived from the biological drive of sexuality. Psychosexuality: the totality of elements included in the sexual drive 2 basic groups of impulse drives: 1. Eros: life impulses or drives - Maintain life processes and ensure reproduction - “sexual drive” – energy force is libido 2. Thanatos: death impulses or drives, is a biological reality - Source of aggression - Reflects the ultimate resolution of all life’s tension in death The child is polymorphous perverse: children’s activities differ in many respects from reproductive sexual activity Autoerotic: seeks pleasure form their own bodies - Sucking thumbs, playing with genitals, etc. Psychosexual Stages: - The libido invests itself in various erogenous zones - Oral stage: birth to age 1 o pleasure and pain in mouth - Anal stage: age 2 o Converting an involuntary action into a voluntary one o Self-control and mastery o Libido energy is focused on anus and buttocks - Phalli
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