Chapter Three- Analytical Psychology
Carl Jung conceived of the structure of personality as a complex network of interacting systems
that strive toward eventual harmony. The main systems are the ego; the personal
unconscious with its complexes; and the collective unconscious and its archetypes.
- He also described two types of attitudes (introversion and extraversion) toward reality
and four basic functions (sensation, thinking, feeling and intuition), which together
constitute separate but related aspects of the psyche.
Psyche: all psychological processes
- Total personality
- Includes both unconscious and conscious processes
Difference between Freud and Jung
- Jung viewed the unconscious as the source of consciousness and the matrix of
o Stressed the qualities we share with other people (collective unconscious)
- Freud viewed the unconscious as materials that have been repressed.
o Limited to personal experiences – repressed and forgotten
- Freud: libido consists of the sexual drive.
- Jung: libido in a more generalized fashion as an undifferentiated energy that moves
the person forward (not just a sex drive)
o Seeks a balance
- Freud: the ego is the executor of personality
- Jung: one’s conscious perceptions of self
o The part that selects perceptions, thoughts, feelings, and memories that may
o Identity and continuity
- Freud: the person is inescapably in conflict - Jung: the person ultimately seeks harmony
The personal unconscious includes experiences of an individual’s history that have been
repressed or forgotten. These are organized into complexes.
A complex: an organized group of thoughts, feelings and memories about a particular concept.
- Has constelling power- the ability to draw new ideas into itself and interpret them
Archetypes: a universal thought forms of the collective unconscious and predispositions to
perceive and respond to the world in certain ways
- Potentialities: represent different potential ways in which we may express our
- Never enter consciousness- appear in personified or symbolized pictorial form and may
penetrate into consciousness by means of myths, dreams, art, rituals and symptoms.
1. Persona: the social role one assumes in society and one’s understanding of it.
a. The mask one wears in order to adjust to the demands of society
2. Shadow: unsocial thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that we potentially possess and
other characteristics that we do no