PERSONALITY – JANUARY 27 TH
CHAPTER 5 - ERIC ERIKSON
- How man develops
How he learns to make contribution to future.
- Social Context every piece of human behaviour/interaction takes place within this.
- Ethical perspectives esp in psychology
- Single mother, Danish in a German country.
Exposed to a multicultural setting.
Artist didn’t continue to university.
Hard time establishing self-identity
- Although raised in a peaceful area, across his adolescent, war ravaged it.
- Focus on parents and children.
- Peter Heller
Eva Rosenfield’s house was his private school.
Got the Montessori training via this.
- Trained withAna Freud.
Ancestry with the two Freud’s – Sigmund andAna.
- First child analyst in Boston.
- Karl May
- Worked with Sioux
Replicate themselves into salary earning citizens – children did not understand, became apathetic.
- Biopsychosocial model.
Born with innate talents, to grow to a certain height
Experience with family, and school – left with confidence or lack thereof when developing sense of
Social context – what is the environment you’re brought up in? Society that envelops you, what
roles are available to you.
These are inseparable before birth until the end of life, simultaneously interwoven.
- Childhood and Society
Eight stages of the life cycle
Central conflicts in emotional life, all present during life, but esp important in certain
stages in life.
1. Trust vs. Mistrust. (Infancy)
a. Babies coming into the world need vs need of the caregivers. When it compatible to need, and
consistent, gains trust in environment and themselves. Everyone has some trust, no matter how
fragile – babies need care to survive.
b. World is good place = trust, lack of care = mistrust.
c. Not just the parents. Eg. Growing up in warzone, refugee camp. Social environment
d. Underlying feeling of lack of security.
2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt. (Toddlers)
a. Wanting to feel separate, but still feeling very vulnerable.
b. Resolution = self-control, independence, autonomy.
c. Need to give children a chance to do things by themselves. (LikeAdler)
d. Can result unsure of themselves, depend on others.
3. Initiative vs. Guilt (Play age – preschool)
a. Anticipate results of actions – conscience. Matter of balance. Participating vs. not and feeling guilt
b. Face out challenges of social environment c. Tackling challenges, having purpose.
d. Guilt = not showing initiative, no purpose.
4. Industry vs. Inferiority
a. Success versus dropout
b. Competence vs. inferiority.
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (adolescence)
a. Inherited Occupation. Importance of social context in these stages. Confusion – eg teenage
b. Form a sense of identity.
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young adolescence)
a. True intimacy is only possible after discovery of identity.
b. Ability to form close friendships and work alliances, in addition to personal relationships.
c. Pathological isolation – can’t share themselves with people.
d. Emotional growth.
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation
a. Repetition can lead to numbing routines, resulting in stagnation.
b. Personal impoverishment , boredom
8. Ego Integrity vs. Despair
a. Accepting own mortality is hard - despair present in all stages, need to move beyond that and
enjoy life. Those who let despair overcome them.
Never went through university setting.