PERSONALITY – JAN 22
CHAPTER 4 :ALFREDADLER
- 1911 Frist to break w/ Freud
Developped his own society, own journal.
– Individual psych –Adler’s term to describe theory
Feelings of inferiority
Striving for superiority
• Strive for perfection/superiority.Attempt to overcome inferiority complex, method
of maintaining self-worth.
• Overcompensation with arrogance. (Counter-act feelings of inferiority).
o Obnoxious, vain, boastful -> Rejection, leads to feeding inf complex,
Superiority over life’s obstacles, not over people. -
Achievements will help with capacity to overcome inferiority complex.
- Social Interest
Innate potential to live in harmony with others and aspire to the development of a perfect society.
(Want to be a better person – makes a better society.)
Well-adjusted people will consider the wants/needs of others.
Maladjusted people will strive for personal glory, not caring about other people.
- First years of life important to personality development.
Parenting large part of this, not intrinsic derived source.
Pampering might make inferiority complex worse.
Suggests helping child overcome the obstacle themselves, rather than doing it for them.
Neglected children might have trust/intimacy problems as they grow up.
- Birth Order theory
Lived as ‘favoured’child for some time, need to deal with not being the sole focus of
attention. Can be a rude awakening. Can create tendency of striving for independence
(socially oriented) striving to gain status to regain this attention lost within childhood.
Dethroned from a central position, has negative attitudes and feelings toward the second
child and a passion for domination, but protective and helpful toward others.
More likely to go to college
More pampered, remain the ‘baby’of the family.Abundance of older siblings, strive to
succeed in all areas, (obviously cannot do that).
Can be problem children.
Dependent child, robs of independence.
The most pampered (the smallest and the weakest), not unhappy, able to excel over
others by being different, often a problem child.
Born into rivalry and competition. (You can seeAdler’s experience coming into this).
Actively struggling to surpass others, with success related to competition with the