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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 The Anthropological Study of Religion.pdf

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
SRS1110
Professor
Shelley Rabinovitch
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter1:The AnthropologicalStudyof Religion Saturday,January25,2014 2:00 PM TheAnthropologicalPerspective TheHolisticApproach Anthropologyreferstothestudyofhumanity. Anthropologicalstudiestakeplaceovera longperiodoftimeand usually Holismrefers tothestudy ofhuman societiesas systematicsums oftheirparts,as requiretheanthropologisttolivewithinthecommunity and to participate integratedwholes. toadegreeinthelives ofthepeopleunderstudy,whileatthesame time makingobjectiveobservations.Thistechniqueofstudy isreferred to as Four-Fieldsof Anthropology: participantobservation. • PhysicalAnthropology-thestudyofhuman biologyandevolution. • Archaeology-thestudy ofpeoplewhoareknown only fromtheirphysicaland culturalremains. TwoWaysofViewingCulture • LinguisticAnthropology-thestudyoflanguage. • CulturalAnthropology-thestudy ofcontemporaryhuman societies. EticPerspectiverefers to theuse ofwordsto categorizeexperiencefromthe viewpointoftheanthropologist. *DescribingwhatYOUsee. TheStudyofHumanSocieties Advantagesto EticPerspective: Ethnographyrefers tothestudyofhuman societies. • Seepatternsinaperson/groups lifethattheymightoverlook. EthnographicPresentrefers to theanthropologistdiscussingthestudiedgroup in • Anthropologistcanapplyaconsistent formofanalysistomany different presenttense astheywere first describedby ethnographers,eventhoughtheses societiesthatarebeingstudied.Allows forcomparisonsbetween societieshavechangedover time. societies. EmicPerspectiverefers totheattempttosee theworld throughtheeyesof CulturalRelativism theperson/groupbeingstudied. *Thepersoninthatreligiondescribingwhat THEYdo. Ethnocentrismrefers tothetendency touse ofourown societyas thebasisof interpretationandjudgingothersocieties. Ex:theForeand kurubeing caused by sorcery. CulturalRelativism refers to theattempttodescribeand understand people'scustoms andideasbutnot judgethem.Thegoalistostudy whatpeoplebelievenot whetherof notwhattheybelieveis true. TheConceptofCulture Culturerefers to acollectionofmutuallyagreed uponthings. AttemptsatDefiningReligion Symbolsrefers to theshared understanding aboutthemeaning ofcertain words,attributes,orobjects AnalyticDefinition focusontheway religionmanifests itselforisexpressed inaculture. FunctionalDefinition focusonwhat religiondoeseithersociallyorpsychological
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