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Chapter 1-2

ANT101H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-2: Metanarrative, Sony Music Entertainment, Rodent

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Sherry Fukzawa

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CHAPTER 1 Structure of Archeological Inquiry
What holds anthropology together is in insistence that evert aspect of every human society,
extant or extinct, counts
Anthropology study of all aspects of humankind
Biological Anthropology study humans as biological organisms
Some works with humans fossils to reconstruct the biological evolution of humans
Others study the biology and behavior of nonhuman primates
Bioarcheologists = study the past via human skeletal remains
Forensic anthropology
Modern human biological variability
Cultural anthropology describe and analyze the culture of modern human groups
Participant observation
Linguistic anthropology focuses on human language and how it evolved
The relationship between sound and thought
How linguistic systems change through time
Archeology the study of the past through the systematic recovery and analysis of material
Culture brings together the subfields of anthropology
Culture changes over time
Anyone can learn any culture
Culture provides us a way of understanding the world and interpreting human behavior
Ideational perspective a research perspective that focuses on ideas, symbols, and mental
structures as the driving forces in shaping human behavior
Culture as Ideas // gettig iside a pesos head to seek out the shaed eaigs of
Adaptive perspective a research perspective that emphasizes technology, ecology,
demography, and economics as the key factors in defining human behavior
Culture as Adaption // human behaviors are linked together systematically, change in
one area = change in another area
Scientific approach
Science is empirical or objective
Science is systematic and explicit
Science is logical
Science is explanatory and consequently predictive
Science is self critical and based on testing
Science is public
Hypothesis a proposition proposed as an explanation of some phenomenon
Inductive reasoning working from specific observations to more general hypotheses
Deductive reasoning reasoning from theory to predict specific observational or experimental
Scientific cycle begins and ends with facts
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