Reading Notes-Bonvillain (pg 370-402).docx
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Bonvillain (pg 370-402)
•In this chapter we focus on interconnections between language and hierarchical
•Talk is situated in interactions that are themselves situated in social contexts
within an overall framework of cultural meanings.
•Every culture has systems of beliefs about the world, including ideas about human
beings, their abilities and rights, and the ways they interact with each other.
•As conditions change through historical processes, cultural beliefs change too and
so do the linguistic behaviors that reflect them.
•Belief systems, or ideologies, are transmitted through many social modes, such as
religious rituals, moral and aesthetic values, political displays, and the like
•The development of a standard language often coincides with processes of state
formation and centralization through which the state exerts both linguistic and
•Talks about how Indonesia was formed
•In all modern countries, the educational system is one of the prime arenas for the
promulgation of standard languages and standard language ideologies
•In addition to its role in the development of a standard language, state control
exerts its influence in language practices that impose social and cultural values
and promulgate particular dominant language ideologies.
•Bambi Schieffelin's study of the introduction of literacy among the Kaluli of
Papua New Guinea demonstrates the ways that literacy practices contributed to
transforming Kaluli identity.
•Literacy practices have also transformed Kaluli modes of acquiring knowledge
and forming opinions. Traditionally, knowledge was imparted through oral
learning, dialogue, and conversational feedback, whereas consensus was built
through open discussion with the participation of all interested parties.
•In order to be valuable they must be exercised, and to be exercised they must be
expressed. Talk and writing are major means of communicating status and
influencing ideas and systems of belief.
•Institutional settings provide contexts for repeated exposure to and maintenance
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