ANT202H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Zoonosis, Infant Mortality, Bioarchaeology

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30 Nov 2017
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Cultural changes in human evolution have occurred much faster than biological change. The disparity between rates of cultural change and biological evolution has serious consequences. Major shift in human adaptation from hunting/gathering to agriculture. Bioarchaeology the study of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites strategies: provides info on health, disease, age at death, cause of death, etc, x-rays and chemical analysis provides info on nutrition and growth patterns. Increase in population size resulted from shift to agriculture leading to further reliance on agriculture. Carrying capacity the maximum population size capable of being supported in a given environment. Agriculture can support larger populations than hunting/gathering. Population growth result from effects of fertility, mortality, and migration. Natural increase the number of births minus the number of deaths. Hunter/gatherers have low life expectancy 20-40 years. There is evidence for reduction in childhood mortality during transition to agriculture.

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