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CLA201 Lesson 35 - Latin Nouns.pdf

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Lisa Trentin

Lesson 35 - Latin Nouns June-07-13 11:32 AM Words have Latin endings indicating number, case, gender and declension 1. Number - grammaticalterm referring simply to whether a word is singular of plural (In English, s is generally used) 2. Case - grammaticalterm which refers to the way in which a noun is used in a sentence - whether it is the subject (nominativecase), direct object (accusative case) or the possessorif something (genitive case) (in English, the use of I and me, as well as who, whom and whose) In studying Latin phrases, we will be interested mainly in nominativeand genitive forms. 3. Gender - grammatical form for sex. English uses a simple system (male persons and animals are masculine, female persons and animals are feminine). In Latin and most European languages, there's no natural system (same thing in English but some inanimate objects are masculine, some feminine and someneuter) Ex. vertebra and species are feminine, stratum and genus are neuter, musculus and oculus are masculine, cornea is feminine 4. Declension - denotes class (a total of five declensions in Latin, each with different sets of endings) A. First Declension Nouns - always feminine singular plural nom. -a (lingua "tongue") -ae
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