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CLA201 Lesson 36 - Latin Third Declension Nouns.pdf

by OneClass80334 , Summer 2013
2 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA201H5
Professor
Lisa Trentin

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Masc. and Fem.
Neut.
sing./plur.
sing./plur.
nom.
---/ -es
---/ -a(-ia)
gen.
-is/ -um(-ium)
-is/-um (-ium)
Examples:
radix/ radices
foramen/ foramina
radicis/ radicum
foraminis/ foraminum
There is usually a difference between the form of the nominative singular and the form of the
base of the word which is used for the other cases and for English derivatives (both endings
and spelling of the word)
-
There is often no way of distinguishing gender in the third declension by means of endings
-
Three difficulties in connection:
Nominative sing.
Genitive sing.
Masculine nouns
-or
-oris
Feminine nouns
-io
-ionis
-itas
-itatis
Masculine and feminine nouns
-ix or -ex
-icis
-x
-cis
-o
-inis
-is
-is
-ns
-ntis
Neuter nouns
-men
-minis
-us
-eirs or -oris
ARC(U)-: bow, arch (arcus)
1.
CALCAR-: spur (calcar)
2.
CING-, CINCT-: to bind, to gird
3.
CLIV-: slope (clivus)
4.
CUSPID-: point (cuspis)
5.
FASCI-: band (fascia)
6.
FERR-: iron (ferrum)
7.
FLAGELL-: whip, whiplike appendage (flagellum)
8.
GLABR-: smooth (glaber)
9.
LIEN-: spleen (lien)
10.
LONG-: long (longus)
11.
NAS-: nose (nasus)
12.
NUC-: nut (nux)
13.
OS-, OR-: mouth (os)
14.
PALLI-: mantle, covering (pallium)
15.
PRON-: inclined, face down (pronus)
16.
SAC(C)-: bag, sac (saccus)
17.
BASES:
Lesson 36 - Latin Third Declension Nouns
June-11-13
6:28 PM
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Description
Lesson 36 - Latin Third Declension Nouns June-11-13 6:28 PM Masc. and Fem. Neut. sing./plur. sing./plur. nom. ---/ -es ---/ -a(-ia) gen. -is/ -um(-ium) -is/-um (-ium) Examples: nom. radix/ radices foramen/foramina gen. radicis/ radicum foraminis/ foraminum Three difficulties in connection: - There is usually a difference between the form of the nominativesingular and the form of the base of the word which is used for the other cases and for English derivatives(both endings and spelling of the word) - There is often no way of distinguishing gender in the third declension by means of endings Nominativesing. Genitive sing. Masculine nouns -or -oris Feminine nouns -io -ionis -itas -itatis Masculine and feminine nouns -ix or -ex -icis
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