Lesson 36 - Latin Third Declension Nouns
Masc. and Fem. Neut.
nom. ---/ -es ---/ -a(-ia)
gen. -is/ -um(-ium) -is/-um (-ium)
nom. radix/ radices foramen/foramina
gen. radicis/ radicum foraminis/ foraminum
Three difficulties in connection:
- There is usually a difference between the form of the nominativesingular and the form of the
base of the word which is used for the other cases and for English derivatives(both endings
and spelling of the word)
- There is often no way of distinguishing gender in the third declension by means of endings
Nominativesing. Genitive sing.
Masculine nouns -or -oris
Feminine nouns -io -ionis
Masculine and feminine nouns -ix or -ex -icis