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Chapter

Greek Bases and their Meanings.docx

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA201H5
Professor
Daniel Thornton
Semester
Winter

Description
Greek Base Meaning In English 1. [H]APH- sense of touch 2. [H]APT- to touch 3. ACANTH- thorn, prickle 4. ACOU- [ACU-] to hear 5. ACR- extremity, summit 6. ACTIN- ray 7. ADELPH- brother 8. ADEN- gland 9. AER- air, gas 10. AGOG[UE] inducing the flow of, expelling 11. AGRA painful seizure 12. ALEX- to ward off 13. ALG- pain 14. ALL- other, different 15. AMBLY- Dull 16. AMYGDAL- almond, tonsil 17. AMYL- starch 18. ANCON- elbow 19. ANDR- man, male 20. ANGI- vessel 21. ANKYL- bent, stiff, adhesion of parts 22. ANTH- flower 23. ANTHROP- man, human being 24. ANTR- cavity, sinus 25. ARACHN- spider (occasionally arachnoid membrane) 26. ARCH[E]- ancient, beginning, primitive 27. ARGYR- silver 28. ARTHR- joint, speech sound, articulation 29. ASC- bag 30. ASTR-, ASTER- star 31. AUT- self 32. AUX[E]- increase 33. BALAN- acorn, the glans penis 34. BALL-,BOL-,BLE- to throw, to put 35. BAR- weight, pressure, 36. BARY- heavy 37. BI- life 38. BLAST- bud, germ, embryonic cell 39. BLENN- mucus 40. BLEP- to see 41. BLEPHAR- eyelid 42. BRACHY- short 43. BRADY- slow 44. BRANCHI- gills 45. BROM- stench, bromine 46. BRONCH[I]- air tube 47. BRY- moss 48. BUL-(BOUL-) Will 49. CAC- [KAK-] bad 50. CALYPT[R]- cord 51. CAMP[T]-, CAMPYL- bent 52. CARCIN- cancer 53. CARDI- Heart 54. CARP- fruit 55. CARP- wrist 56. CAU-, CAUS- to burn 57. CEL[I]-, COEL-, -COEL cavity, abdominal cavity 58. CELE hernia, swelling 59. CENTE- to puncture 60. CEPHAL- Head 61. CERC- trail 62. CHEIL- [CHIL-] lip 63. CHIR-, CHEIR- hand 64. CHLAMYD- cloak, envelope 65. CHLOR- green, chlorine 66. CHOL[E]- bile, gall 67. CHONDR-,CHONDRI- cartilage, granule 68. CHOR[I]- fetal membrane, tunic of the eyeball 69. CHORD- cord 70. CHROM-, CHROMAT-, CHRO- Color 71. CHRON- Time 72. CHY- to pour 73. CHYM-, CHYL- juice 74. CLAD- branch 75. CLAS- to break 76. CLEID- clavicle 77. CLEIST- closed 78. CLI-, CLEI- to close 79. CLON[US] muscle spasm 80. CLY[S]- to wash 81. COCC- berry-shaped organism 82. COL- colon 83. COLL[A] glue 84. COLP- vagina 85. CONDYL- knob, knuckle 86. CONI- dust 87. COPR- excrement 88. COR[E]- pupil of the eye 89. CORM- trunk of a tree or body 90. CRA- to mix 91. CRANI- cranium 92. CRI- to separate, to distinguish 93. CRIN- to secrete 94. CROT- pulse beat 95. CRY-, CRYM- cold, ice 96. CRYPT- hidden 97. CYAN- blue 98. CYCL- circle, wheel, ciliary body of the eye 99. CYE- to be pregnant 100. CYN- dog 101. CYST- bladder, cyst, sac 102. CYT- cell 103. DACRY- tear 104. DACTYL- finger, toe 105. DE- to bind 106. DEC[A]- ten 107. DEM- people, country 108. DENDR- tree 109. DERM-,DERMAT- Skin 110. DESM- ligament111. DEUT-, DEUTER- second 112. DI- twice, double 113. DICH- in two 114. DIDYM- twin, testicle 115. DIPS- thirst 116. DOCH- to take or receive 117. DOLICH- long 118. DREPAN- sickle 119. DROM- running, course 120. DYNAM-, DYN- power 121. EC-, OEC-, OEK-, OIK-, OIC- house 122. ECH- echo, repitition 123. EDE- to swell 124. EME- to vomit 125. enCEPHAL- Brain 126. ENNE[A]- nine 127. ENTER- intestine 128. enTOM- insect 129. EO[S] dawn or early age, rosy 130. ER-, EROT- love 131. ERG- work 132. ERYTHR- red 133. ESTHE- [AESTHE-] to feel, to perceive 134. EURY[S]- wide 135. GALACT-, GALA- milk 136. GAM- marriage, union 137. GANGLI- mass of nerve tissue, small cyst or swelling 138. GASTR- [GASTER-]
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