CLA204H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Cronus, Headache, Anshar

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8 Feb 2016
School
Department
Course
(77)$Hesiod
Wrote$the$theogony$in$eighth$century$BC$
It$all$started$with$chaos$
Timeline
Chaos$(gap/yawn)$
1@
Gaea$(Mother$Earth)
2@
Tartarus$(below$earth)$@don't$confuse$with$Hades
3@
4@
Gaea's$kids$
Cronus$@last$born$Titan$(most$clever)$
Titans (6$male/6$female)$
Cyclopes (round$eyes)$
Cottus,$Briareus,$Gyes
Hecatonchires (100$hands$from$their$shoulders,$50$heads)
Oceanus @river$that$circles$ the$world$(dome$of$sky$touches$flat$surface$of$earth)
(82)$Hyperion's$Kids
Titan$Hyperion (he$who$gives$love)$@sun@god
Father$of$Helius (sun@god)
Selena (moon)
Eos(dawn)$
Helius @to$prove$to$his$son$he$was$his$dad$he$gave$him$one$wish$@the$kid$
asked$to$be$allowed$to$drive$the$chariot$of$the$sun$across$the$sky$
He$went$out$of$control$into$earth$(Libya),$Zeus$blasted$him$out$the$car$and$
he$fell$into$river$Endymion =$eternal$sleep/never$grow$old
Sele$seduced$him$in$sleep$=$50$daughters$
Phaëthon @son$of$Helius$and$Clyme
Tithonus (Trojan$Prince)$
Aphrodite@born$from$bloody$genitals$of$a$cosmic$deity
Cronus @first$king$of$the$world$
Children @Hestia,$Demeter,$Hera,$Hades,$Poseidon,$Zeus$
She$hid$Zeus$in$Crete$(Uranusu$and$Gaea$told$her$too)$and$he$was$raised$by$
nymphs$
The$stone$Cronus$swallowed$=$omphalos$"navel"$
Zeus$was$not$the$King$
They$lived$on Mount$Olympus$(not$Hades)$
However,$Titans$hated$them$and$attacked$them$=$Titanomachy$(battle$of$the$
Titans)
Gaea$told$Zeus$he$can$only$win$with$3$Hecatonchires$@released$them$for$
Tartarus$(Uranus$prisoned$them)
^$they$intook$Nectar (overcomes$death)$and$Ambrosia (deathless$stuff)$@
regained$strength
Zeus$cast$the$Titans$into$black$distant$Tartarus$
Gaea$now$became$Zeus'$greatest$enemy
Coupling$with$Tartarus$she$gave$birth$to$Typheous (Typhon)
Olympian$Gods$fled$to$Egypt$disguised$as$animals$
Typheous$took$Zeus'$sinews$and$stored$them$in$a$jar$but$Hermes$got$them$back$
Zeus$buried$Typheous$under$Moutnt3Etna
Typheous3is3a3dragon3
(94)$Zeus$marries$Metis$(cleverness)
Zeus$learns$his$wife's$next$child$will$over$throw$him
Swallows$mother$before$child$is$born$(Athena3was3the3kid3inside)
When$he$gets$a$headache$and$his$head$is$hit$with$a$axe,$Athena$comes$out
They$were$overcome
The$Giants @conceived$from$the$blood$of$Uranus$genitals
After$this$the$3$brothers$divided$the$world$(earth$and$the$heights$of$Olympus$
were$common$to$all)
(98)$The$Babylonian$Enuma$Elish
Best3example of$Mesopotamian$creation$myth$
This$poem$is$recited$ in$the$4th$day$of$the$New$Year's$festival$in$honor$of$the$god$
of$the$city$(Marduk)$
Anshar$and$Kishar =$heaven$and$earth$
Tiamat$(mother)$opposed$Apsu's$wish$to$destroy$their$offspring
When$Ea$heard$he$cast'$a$spell$over$Apsu$and$Mammu$=$sending$them$into$
deep$sleep
Gave$birth$to$=$Marduk@born$fully$developed
Marduk$destroyed$Tiamat$and$imprisoned$Kingu
On$top$of$Apsu,$Ea$built$a$house
Marduk$returned$home$and$delivered$the$Tablet$of$Destiny$to$Any
Murduk$@king$of$the$universe$(50$names)
(102)$The$Hittite$Kingship$in$Heaven
Kumarbi$bit$off$Anush'$genitals$and$swallowed$his$sperm
He$came$pregnant$with$the$storm$god$
Storm$god$Teshub$escaped$from$Kumarbi's$body$and$overthrew$him$=$becoming$
king$of$heaven
Hittite$Kingship(in(Heaven Hesiod's$Theogany
Alalush
Anush$(sky)$castrated$by$his$son$
Kumarbi
Teshub$(storm$god)
Chaos$$$$$
Uranus$(sky)castrated$by$his$son
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
Cronus
Zeus$(storm$god)
!"#$%&'()(*+,%"-(./(!'&#%0.1(234(
Saturday,$January$16,$2016
10:42$PM
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Document Summary

Chapter 4 - myths of creation (i) Wrote the theogony in eighth century bc. It all started with chaos. Tartarus (below earth) - don"t confuse with hades. Cronus - last born titan (most clever) Hecatonchires (100 hands from their shoulders, 50 heads) Oceanus - river that circles the world (dome of sky touches flat surface of earth) (82) hyperion"s kids. Titan hyperion (he who gives love) - sun- god. Pha thon - son of helius and clymen . Selen seduced him in sleep = 50 daughters. Aphrodite- born from bloody genitals of a cosmic deity. Cronus - first king of the world. Children - hestia, demeter, hera, hades, poseidon, zeus. She hid zeus in crete (uranusu and gaea told her too) and he was raised by nymphs. The stone cronus swallowed = omphalos navel Zeus was not the king. They lived on mount olympus (not hades) However, titans hated them and attacked them = titanomachy (battle of the.

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