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Communication, Culture and Technology
Rhonda Mc Ewen

College students’text messaging, use of textese and literacy skills Texting - Text messaging is the trend in mobile communication - American have relatively lagged behind the European andAsian in text messaging - American increased their use of text messaging by a staggering 450% over 2 years - Abbreviated vocabulary  Initialisms (e.g. lol)  Letter/number homophones (gr8)  Contractions or shortening (cuz)  Emoticons (symbols representing emotions)  Single letters representing whole words  ATheoretical perspective - Theories suggest that texting might have a negative effect on literacy Empirical studies of texting and literacy - Supports negative views on texting - The relationship between text messaging practices and literacy - The relationship between the use of textese and literacy The present study - Is there a negative relationship between text messaging frequency and literacy? - Is there negative relationship between the textese use in different contexts (e.g. text messages, email and Social Network Site) and literacy? Method Participants - 152 students who were enrolled in an introductory psychology class at a midsize mid-western university - 99 women; 53 men had an average of 21.2 - Grade point average equivalent to a B grade - All were native speakers of English Materials - Standardized reading  Letter word identification is measure of reading accuracy - Standardized spelling  Were asked to write words of increasing difficulty - Survey  Questions related to the participants texting  Indicate their frequency of use Procedure - Were engaged in grammar exercise - Literacy tasks (reading, reading fluency and spelling) - Survey Results - Wide range of achievement levels - Participants reported using texting frequently - SNS occasionally - Texting and emails to friends occasionally - SNS rarely and in email to professors very rarely Discussion - The goal of the study was to disentangle text messaging from textese and examine the relations between these variables and literacy - Texting and SNS and their use if textese in different contexts was assessed an examined in relation to their literacy abilities (reading accuracy, spelling and reading fluency) Getting In Touch Personal Computer - Origins in Xerox’s PaloAlto Research Center in the early 1970s - It pioneered common features  Bitmapped displays  Overlapping windows  Graphical interfaces  Multiple fonts  Pop-up menus  Machines linked together over local area networks - Three M’s  Millions of pixels  Megabyte of memory  Amillion instructions per second Affordable - 1977  PARC researchers were working on the Dorado, a faster and more powerful machine –Apple II, which kick started PC industry Computers - Computers have changed so much as well as the performance - Changes in physical devices - The way computer fits into our environment and our lives Ubiquitous Computing - Weiser dubbed the word ―‖Ubiquitous Computing‖ - He argued that ongoing technological development would transform the nature of computers and the way we interact with them - Weiser’s vision was that computationally enhanced walls, floors, pens, and desks in which power of computation could be seamlessly integrated into the objects and activities of everyday lives - Computational devices would be embedded in all sorts technologies augmented with computational power Computation by the Inch, Foot and Yard - Weiser initiated a wide ranging research program around his vision of Ubiquitous Computing - Strategy followed three tracks: inch, foot, and yard - By the inch  Focused on the development of small devices  Like electronic tags or computational ―‖Post-It‖ notes  These signals are detected by a network of infrared receivers located in the environment and are connected to computational server process - By the foot  Concerned with computationally enhanced pads of paper  Focus of this was the development and use of computational devices of about the size and power of recent laptop computers  Question was ― ―how they would fit into a world of everyday activities and interaction‖ - By the yard  Larger devices  Focused wall sized devices such as the Live Board  Two people cannot stand and write at the same time The Digital Desk 1. What is the main point? - Scan in the paper documents to bring them into the electronic realm - Print out the electronic documents to bring them into the physical realm 2. What evidence supports the main point? - Image processing software running on the computer could analyze the signal from the video camera to read documents on the desk and watch the user’s activity -At the sa
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