CCT208 - Chapter 4 Notes

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Communication, Culture and Technology
Divya Maharajh

CCT208H5S Chapter 4 Notes Asém Harun Chapter 4 – Reviewing the Scholarly Literature and Planning a Study Introduction - This chapter introduces students to reading studies that others have conducted on a topic and grasping issues that operate in qualitative and quantitative approaches to research. Literature Review - Reading the literature, or the collection of studies already published on a topic, serves several important functions. - Helps one to narrow down a broad topic by showing how others conducted their studies. It also helps one to understand the ‘state of knowledge’ on a specific topic. - Four main goals of Lit Reviews: 1. Demonstrate familiarity with a body of knowledge and establish credibility. 2. Show the path of prior research and how a current project is linked to it. 3. Integrate and summarize what is known in an area. 4. Learn from others and stimulate new ideas. Where to Find Research Literature Popular places to find research literature are: - Periodicals: Newspapers, magazines, television, internet news summaries etc. - Books - Dissertations: Graduate students who receive Ph.D. create complete work of original research. - Government Documents - Policy Repots/Presented Papers How to Conduct a Systematic Literature Review - Define and Refine a Topic: - Design a Search - Locate Research Reports Taking Notes - What to Record - Organize Notes Using the Internet for Social Research CCT208H5S Chapter 4 Notes Asém Harun The Up Side - Internet is easy fast and cheap. It is widely accessible and can be used from several locations - Hot links greatly help for research. The internet also speeds the flow of information around the globe. The Down Side - No quality control over what gets published on the internet. - Many excellent sources for social research are not available on the internet. Additionally, finding sources can sometimes prove to be difficult. Internet sources can also be unstable and difficult to document. Qualitative and Quantitative Orientations towards Research - Soft data: form of impressions, words, sentences, photos etc. dictate different research strategies and data collection techniques than Hard Data: in the form of numbers. - Almost all quantitative researchers rely on a positivist approach to social science, whereas qualitative researchers often rely on interpretive or critical social science, follow a nonlinear research path, and speak a language of “cases and contexts”. Linear and Nonlinear Paths - Quantitative researchers follow a more linear path than do qualitative researchers. A linear research path follows a fixed sequence of steps; like a staircase leading in one clear direction. - Qualitative is more nonlinear and cyclical. Rather than moving in a straight line, a nonlinear research path makes successive passes through steps, sometimes moving backward and sideways before moving. Qualitative Design Issues CCT208H5S Chapter 4 Notes Asém Harun Grounded Theory - A theory built from data or grounded in the data. Basically, the discovery of a theory through the analysis of data - Rather than beginning with a hypothesis, the first step is data collection, through a variety of methods - Grounde
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