Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
UTM (8,000)
Chapter 2

ENV250Y5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Western Alienation In Canada, Potash, Canada Act 1982

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Andrea Olive

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Canada is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
Elected representatives have the authority/responsibility for making laws
What is politics? The study of who gets what, when, and how
Public policy is an attempt to appease conflict either through direct action/inaction; like
objectives of the government
Law is rules created and passed in parliament prohibiting/determining behaviour; backed with
full force of police author/punishment
Whole network of actors involved in environmental policy or law
Ottawa does not have power to make policy n all environmental areas
Governance – process of governing and decision making; examines how elected officials are
influenced/mobilized by citizens, media, interest groups
FORMER British colony
Current member of Commonwealth; Queen Elizabeth II as head of state; symbolic role
Constitution: the supreme or fundamental law in a political system – distribution of powers
among different state actors (federal + provincial)
Executive Branch
Implements laws
PM + cabinet = elected
Governor general – appointed by Queen on recommendation of PM
Bureaucracy – hired in a merit based system
PM + cabinet at the center of making policy and law in Canada
Cabinet advises PM on specific areas of policy
Any legislation involving budget/public spending must be introduced into House by cabinet
Bureaucracy – all federal agencies and departments; employees are civil servants; administer
federal programs and agencies
Legislative Branch
“Parliament” – represents people of Canada
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