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Week 11 CH 10 reading notes

8 Pages

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Gabrielle Sauter

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CH.10 Protecting the Wild PAs (protected Areas) were the mainstay of conservation strategies globally through the nineteenth and twenthieth centuries. Conservation booms Different forms. European: private landholdings, mostly active farms. Nature not considered pristine but affected by human dev. brisitsh model of national partks, and wildlife in a ladscape, had limited influence on conservation in the developing world The dominant model in terms of its influence on the global ideas about conservation was that developed in the USA. National park model. Nature as pristine. Tourist based. Removing people from lands The political ecology of parks developing world removed people from “natural lands”. Unlike north America most of these lands had people that had to be cleared out. . This is where the critique of the negative impact of conservation on poor rural people has its purchase The costs and benefits of conservation One cost is that animals are not being poached are not eating their crops. Also corruptiom greatest social impact is population displacement, loss of rights toresidence and loss of rights to resources. Loss of agriculture Displacement often results in landlessness, joblessness, homelessness, marginalization, food insecurity, increased morbidity, increased mortality, loss of access to common properties and services PAs also generate economic benefits. Just like costs, these too are rarely equitably distributed. +ves include tourism. The sustainability of global wild life tourism remains highly debatable Parks for people -basically one huge contradiction that community based conservation is actually planned by outsiders and not the community themselves Conservation with development Integrated conservation development programs vs community based natural resource management . both are attmepts at wildlife to pay its way. ICDP are complicated . ICDP has mixed success. Bottom up. Some say that ICDP does neither conservation nor development most CBNRM involves consumptive use. Killing or harvesting wild species. Sees wildlife simply as an econmicresource that should be exploited CBNRM program
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