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ADAMS Ch 3 notes.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR345H5
Professor
Gabrielle Sauter
Semester
Fall

Description
Ch. 3 Brundtland Report -written by the prime minister of Norway -important for several reasons 1. attempted to recapture the ‘spirit of Stockhol 1972’: which had been been so celebrated by environmentalists in the early 1970s and did this expertly and effectively largely because of its origins in the UN General assembly 2. Our Common Future placed elements of sustainable dev. debate within economic and political context of international dev. its starting point was deliberately broad, and a move to limit its concern to the ‘environment’ was firmly restricted. This is because the environment is not a separate entity. Its is interrelated 3. placed environmental issues firmly on the international political agenda. Got the UN General Assembly to discuss environment as one single problem -the Report started from the premise that environmental and developmental issues could not be separated -ex. “development could ‘erode the environmental resources on which they must be based’, and hence that environment degradation could undermine economic dev.” -Definition of sustainable future (the one about needs of today and not compromising the future) was based on two concepts 1. approach to basic needs and the corollary of the primacy development action for the poor 2. ideas of the environmental limits -Our common future was by far the more effective document in its ability to address and engage govt policy makers compared to WCS (?) -Critical objectives for environment and development policies that follows from the concept of sustainable development 1. reviving growth 2. changing the quality of growth 3. meeting essential needs for jobs, food, energy, water, and sanitation 4. ensuring a sustainable level of population 5. conserving and enhancing the resource base 6. reorienting technology and managing risk 7. merging environment and economics in decision-making -Our Common Future argued that it is poverty that puts pressure on the environment in the third world, and it is economic growth that will remove
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