Textbook Notes (362,734)
Canada (158,032)
Geography (102)
GGR353H5 (5)

Week 8 reading.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Grace Barakat

Week 8 reading: Healthy and social cohesion: why care about income inequality? Income inequality and morality -the world’s wealth is becoming more concentrated -no one would dispute that poverty is bad for health. In general, the lower the material standard of living the worse is the level of health, whether measured by morality, morbidity, or quality of life -the maldistribution of income was related not only to total morality but also to infant mortality, homicides, and death from cardiovascular disease and neoplasms Social cohesion and income inequality -mechanisms underlying this relation include psychologically harmful effect -social rewards cannot be made fully acceptable to the less privileged in a society, social stratification systems function to encourage hostility, suspicion and distrust and limit the possibilities of extensive integration -narrowing of income differentials was accompanied by a greater sense of solidarity and social cohesion Enhanced wellbeing -social cohesion enhances wellbeing is by now a well established fact -socially isolated people die at two to three times the rate of well connected people -probs b/c limited access to sources of emotional support, instrumental support (for example financial aid), and other forms of support Social capital -the strength of social cohesion what he termed “social capital” The intervening effects of residential segregation -concepts like income inequality and social capital are inherently “ecological” that is, they are characteristics of places, not individuals. To understand the linkages between such variables, further research needs to focus on where people live rather than on the behavior of individuals -residential concentration impose a double burden on poor people: not only do they have to grapple with multiple problems arising from their own lack of income, they also have to deal with the social effects of living in a neighborhood where most of their neighbors are also poor -concentration effects to describe the cumulative disadvantages that are heaped on the residents of urban ghettos -residents of affluent neighborhoods benefit from better equipped public schools. Higher quality public amenities, and more generous municipal services – all financed through higher property tax revenues. -at the same time, the children of the privileged are more likely to socialize with other children of well- educated and successful parents, thereby ensuring the social reproduction of material and cultural advantage The social consequences of income inequality -firstly, because income inequality induces spillover effects on quality of life, even for people not normally affected by material wants. Wide income disparities result in frustration, stress, and family disruption, which then increase the rates of crime, violence, and homicide -Middle class flight from poor neighborhoods results in the progressive deterioration of the public education -the rise of an “underclass” of poorly educated and under skilled citizens means that society will ultimately pay the cost through low productivity and slow economic growth -low levels of civic trust spill over into lack of trust and confidence in govt. -reinforces a kind of democracy in which public policy is no longer the outcome of collective deliberation about the public interest, but rather the residue of campaign strategy Reading #2: Social inequality, population health, and housing: a study of two Vancouver neighborhoods Introduction -a strong and persistence social gradient in health status has been observed consistently in all industrialized societies of the world. -Health Status is positively associated with social status (ex.
More Less

Related notes for GGR353H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.