HIS330H5 Chapter Notes -Spanish Requirement Of 1513, Antonio Gramsci
Post Hegemony Ch. 1 notes
By hegemony I mean the notion, derived from the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, that the sate
maintains its dominance (and that of social and economic elites) thanks to the consent of those
it dominates. Where it does not win consent, this theory suggests, the state resorts to coercion.
Habit, affect, and the multitude are the three components of a theory of post-hegemony
-habit: regular and repetitive actions; affect: the power to create change; multitude: the coming
together to increase affect
Hegemony, in fact, is primary: for Gramsci, power is grounded in consent, and force is
employed only secondary.
-Historical example: Requerimiento by Juan Lopez Palacios Rubios in 1512/1513. It was
to be read by the conquistadors when they encountered indigenous people to explain Spain’s
legal claim to the New world. It offers the indigenous people a choice: submit or face violent
subjugation. Perfect representation of Gramsci belief.
-arguments against this can be shown in that it was rarely read to the indigenous
people and even when it was, it was never understood.
-BM states that Requerimiento was actually a post-hegemonic told in that the
repetitive recitation of the letter served a creation of habit (recall this is one of the 3 components
to post-hegemony. And he further states that habit doesn’t require consent nor coercsion)
What is post-hegemony….. I cant even get him to describe in hit intro