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HIS330H5 Chapter Notes -Peronism, Cultural Studies

Course Code
Kevin P.Coleman

of 2
HIS330 Reading #2
Hegemony CH. 2
-cultural studies is a diverse and often contentious exercise, encompassing different positions
and trajectories in specific contexts, addressing many questions, drawing nourishment from
multiple roots, and shaping itself within different institutions and locations
-cultural studies defined by its mutability (ability to change and this is a good thing)
-cultural studies are contextualized
-cultural studies concern with hegemony resonates powerfully in Latin America context where
politics and culture have long been obviously intertwined. On the other hand, Latin America
thought has also been preoccupied with issues less prominent with cultural studies, above all
the question of national or regional identity. Moreover, most Latin American intellectuals
explicitly repudiate populism.
-Cultural studies mimic the work of hegemony
-cultural studies and hegemony theory have an emphasis on their shared populism
-perhaps the most successful populist movement: Peronism (dominated Argentine political and
cultural life)
-Peronism came about after social demonstrations freed Peron from prison and led him to
become president.
-Peronism is the very picture of hegemony. Its long lasting ability to secure popular consent
contrasts starkly with the coercion employed by Argentina’s various military regimes.
-Peron’s exile allowed for peronism to grow and take many shapes with many people laying
claim to the cause and thus contributing to its hegemony.
-when he returned from exile Peronism began to fade once more as conflicts arose between the
left and the right of Peronism which during his exile both claimed to be a part of the movement.
The return of Peron mean the movement was no longer abstract but what he dictated and could
thus not be open to both sides
-Peron had wanted to fight off foreign investors and those not looking for the best interest of
Argentina. Denouncing previous administrations for allowing their assets to be robbed and to be
put into debt to finance their revolutions. Was against the elites and supported the middle class
-His second wife Evita became a figure head/mediator. Adored by the working class, vilified by
the elites
-populism combines: a framework of an overriding distinction between people and elite; an
analysis that presents this distinction as antagonism rather than mere difference; and a gesture
of solidarity with the people, against the elite
-cultural studies often locates itself on the left
Pg 29. From the 1 sentence on that pg to the end of tht paragraph. All about populism and Latin
-MB argues the cultural studies is populist
-populism: the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in
their struggle with the privileged elite.
-it encourages a slippages between left and right
Defn of cultural studies from online:
- look at culture as a force shaping lived human experience, rather than at the level of abstract
generalization. Their focus was on examining the function of culture in everyday life and its role
in a system of social hierarchy and domination. These studies eventually began to build on
Antonio Gramsci's (1891-1937) concept of hegemony to demonstrate how class or gender rule
is supported not only by overt mechanisms of law and the exercise of power, but is pervasively
dispersed throughout society in institutional structures and cultural beliefs and values