Textbook Notes (270,000)
CA (160,000)
UTM (8,000)
Chapter 2

LIN101H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Vocal Tract, Vowel Reduction, Dissimilation


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN101H5
Professor
Michelle Troberg
Chapter
2

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Textbook: Chapter 2 – Phonetics (II): Vowels
(34)[ 2.6] Vowels
They are sounds made with the vocal tract more open
Di& vowel sounds (vowel qualities) are made by changing tongue
positions (tongue behind lower front teeth) and shaping lips
They can be tense or lax
(2.6.1) Simple Vowels and Diphthongs
Simple vowels - don't show noticeable change in quality during
articulation (ex. but, suppose)
Diphthongs - vowels that exhibit a change in quality within a single
syllable
oMajor diphthongs - extreme change in articulation and easy to
hear
Ex. Buy [aj], boy [oj], now [aw] - start in one position end in
another
oMinor diphthongs - less dramatic change in articulation
Simple
Vowels
Minor
Diphthongs
Major
Diphthongs
Pit [I] Say [ej] My [aj]
Set [ ] Grow [ow] Now [aw]
Put [ ] Heat [ij] Boy [oj]
Cut [ ] Lose [uw]
Mat [ ] Play [ej]
Dog [ ]
Heat [i]
Lose [u]
(2.6.2) Basic Parameters for Describing Vowels
Vowel articulations are not as easy to hear bc vocal tract isn't narrowed
as much (ex. Say "he" then "awe" - watch how your tongue goes high
front to low back)
o"Awe" and "At" - low back to low front
o"He" and "Who" - high front to high back + lip rounding for [u]
Mid vowels - tongue isn't raised or lowered
oMade or fame = mid, front, unrounded
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version