Chapter 13: new directions in theory and practice. Future does not exist yet, is inevitable, yet predictable. Climate change has scientific predictions to its future issues. Observation of key indicators of armed outbreak help prevent armed conflicts. Key indicators such as inflation, interest rates, etc. help make important economic factors in future. Predictions are based on trends or identifiable patterns of behaviour. Unanticipated events such as the fall of su, 9/11 and arab spring can alter world affairs predictions must always be questioned. Theory provides us with a framework for looking at the world. Certain perspectives have had dominance in the international system, but there has never been a universally accepted theory that describes the nature of global politics. International theories can be interconnected with each other; global politics have taken a shift from historical based discipline analysis (behavioralist period) to model human behaviour at the international level. Reflectivist approaches: postmodernism, normative theory and historical approaches.