Chapter 7

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Political Science
Fiona T Rahman

Chapter 7- Political Culture 16/12/2012 10:08:00 AM Political culture: denotes „the sum of the fundamental values, sentiments and knowledge that give form and substance to political processes‟, It can be understood as either the sum of individuals‟ attitudes or as an attribute – the culture – of a group which gives shared meaning to political action. Almond and Verba found the source of a stable democracy in what they called a civic culture. Civic culture: In a civic culture, many citizens are active in politics but a passive minority serves to stabilize the system, preventing it from overheating. Further, participants are not so involved as to refuse to accept decisions with which they disagree. Thus the civic culture resolves tension within the democracy between popular control and effective governance: it allows for citizen influence while retaining flexibility for the government. 4. Hague and Harrop point to two key criticisms of the study of political culture:  1) Its focus on the national level often led to vague conceptions of national culture and blinded researchers to the importance of subcultures of race and class; and  2) It did not pay enough attention to the origin and development of political culture but often took them a
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