POL113 - Chapter 5 – Marxism.docx
Premium

4 Pages
157 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POL113H5
Professor
Mark Lippincott
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter Five – Marxism  In countries with a Revolution- the communist movement would “organize itself as a class”- “make itself the ruling class”  A victory by the communists would bring an end to capitalism  Marx and Engels  They posited that a revolution would fundamentally eliminate unequal power relationships  A society full of equality- all are free to develop and live their live  Marxism in practice has not yet succeeded in producing the goal culture  Socialist regimes have succeeded in realizing the vision of Marx and Engels in other ways: by eliminating private property, collective ownership, general social services, challenging the ideology of egoistic individuals  Marxism encouraged people to dream beyond their historical experience; radical actions to eliminate economic suffering  The creed of Marxism: The Manifesto of the Communist Party  The Bible: Das Kapital  Classical Marxist tend to emphasize the concepts of dialectical materialism the labor theory of value- analyses of the economic and political structures of capitalism  Revisionists say that this emphasis greatly neglects Marx’s earlier and more philosophic and humanistic writings  Humanistic emphasis preceded the more structural analysis of capitalism  Marx’s writing, the young period includes his doctoral dissertation  All later works, are seen to be products of a more late scholar  It is essential to understand Hegel’s thinking on 1) dialectics 2) labor and history and 3) politics- Marx embraced 1 and 2, but rejected the third  Hegel’s contention that all prior philosophic thinking was incomplete  Aristotelian logic- forced people to think about their environment in an abstract fashion  Principle of non-contradiction held that a concept could not be both itself and its opposite at one and the same time  Greek philosopher Heraclitus believed that there was no permanent reality, except the reality of change; altering and transforming  Continually evolving world of interpenetrating opposites  The key to understanding reality was in seeing that everything in existence in some sense contained within itself its opposite, its negation  To know the world, one must see the particulars of reality as containing their opposites  The dialectical method- we can actuality describe the true nature of reality  The world is constantly in transformation, the method of knowing must be based upon the conception of motion  Traditional logic- fixed, static world where time and motion do not operate  The dialectical process contains three basic elements: thesis, antithesis, and synthesis  Aufheben: to preserve, to eliminate and to transcend  Dialectics is based on a theory of internal relations- everything is interrelated  Our understanding of reality is both complete and incomplete  Marx also accepted Hegel’s view of labor as the principle manner in which people realize themselves and their potential as true human beings  Human brings become increasingly free  Process by which one achieves this is through interaction with the natural and built environment; interaction labor  In their labor, humans objectify themselves- they create things, they transform themselves from pure, isolated subjects into an object- the put part of themselves into the object  Labor is then the objectification of human consciousness  “Man against the world”- subject (self) becomes objectified (object)  Freedom and labor are linked: to be free is to be able to approach the world as an object of one's own, rational self- consciousness  Emancipation and rationalization and liked: we are becoming more “rational” because increasing numbers of people were able to labor freely  Approaching the ideal unification of all dialectical processes and contradictions wherein the grand Idea of Freedom becomes realized in the governing institutions of human society.  For the world to be fully rational, all people must be capable of achieving freedom, and no one individual may possess it at the expense of others  Humans were reduced to small elements in the overall pattern of things, where to Feuerbach they were actually the central figures in history  Absolute, Idea, Rationality, and Freedom become abstract ideas that falsely satisfy without attempting to solve problems  A major source of inequality was private property  Capitalism was an economic system that denied people their own humanity- dehumanized  Humans see their creative powers and existence manifested in the world created by their labor  Human beings are created through their life activity  When they labor, they interact with the external world (nature)  Marx used the term alienated to describe the condition of human beings existing under a capitalist economic system 1. Alienation between workers and the product of their labor- something of that person is in the statue  Capitalis
More Less

Related notes for POL113H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit