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POL114H5 (32)
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Chapter 6

Detailed Textbook Notes Chapter 6

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Political Science

Chapter 6: International Security after Cold War Introduction: The Changing Nature of International Security Realists most important challenge has been military threat posed by other states, although revolutionary movements, secessionist movements, & terrorist groups have also been long regarded as threats to state security Environmental degradation, cultural influences, modernization, economic integration, & migration of peoples may be interpreted as threats to well being or even survival of societies Several issues occupy attention of most international security scholars & analysts: Origins & causes of conflict in international system National security Group Security Nuclear weapons safety & nuclear weapons proliferation Chemical & biological weapons proliferation Spread of conventional weapons Terrorism Global criminal activity Human security Regional security studies Environmental security Theorizing About Origins of War Early psychologists suggested thh atmans inherently aggressive & war is therefore inevitable; Behavioural sociologists suggest that aggressive & violent behaviour is NOT INNATE but LEARNED State or group level analysis suggests that some states or groups are more prone to war than others Today, states or groups with authoritarian internal structures more warlike because leaders of such states are isolated from will of their peoples & lack any checks or controls on their exercise of power System level of analysis finds origins of war in nature of international politics itself Principal source of war is anarchy (absence of central authority) & distribution of power Realists war inevitable due to lack of trust & primacy of self-interest in anarchic international system Liberals war as a reflection of weak global governance mechanisms & existence of authoritarian governments www.notesolution.com
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