Second Treatise Ch VIII-XII.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Mark Lippincott

Lecture 20: Locke, Second Treatise, Ch. VIII-XII Chapter 6: Paternal Factors Why do we have to listen to the Parliament and crown – the right to rule Arithotle – naturally masters and naturally slaves 17 Century – the fact that nature has ends gets rejected Divine right of Kings – Locke says the bible says honor your father and mother (Adam and eve) all decedents ofAdam and Eve Justifications of Political Power Aristotle : Nature and Nature’s ends Filmer : Divine Right, God’s end/plans Locke: Popular Sovereignty, Consent of the people We should refer to parental power – two people are responsible for that generation, basic equality ofALL human beings Locke’s Egalitarianism Paragraph 54 - Humans have a special place in creation – we are made in Gods image because we have the ability to reason When we say that Man is a subject to Law: we mean nothing by Man, but a corporeal rational Creature: What the real Essence or other Qualities of that Creature are in this Case, is no way considered. And therefore, whether a Child or a Changeling be a Man in a physical sense, may amongst the Naturalists be disputable as it will… We are under this law, and accountable for our actions Children – Are we Born Free? NO : He that is not come to the use of his reason, cannot be said to be under this lawl and Adam’s children, being not presently as soon as born under this law of reason, were not presently free (57) YES: this we are born free, as we are born rational; not that we have actually the exercise of either: age, that b Reason and Lockean Freedom 63 – The freedom of a man, and liberty of acting according to his own will, is grounded on his having reason, which is able to instruct him in that law he is able to govern himself by, and make him know how far he is left to the freedom of his own will power does not extend over the children life or property – responsibility is based on taking care of them none of this is political power (right of making laws and penalties of death, and all less penalties for the regulating and preserving of property, and of employing the force of the community, in the execution of such laws, and in the defense of the commonwealth from foreign injury; and all this only for the public good) Chapter VII – Political or Civil Society The subject of Consent is still very important – Contract; between equals Gender Equality 82 – but the husband and wife, thought they have but one common concern, yet having different understandings, will unavoidably sometimes have different wills too; it therefore being necessary that the last determination 47 Marriage involves the bride’s consent, which must be freely given by the woman herself (marriage is not a contract between a man and a young woman’s father for example) Father and mother have an equal authority over their children (52 – 53) Awomen have a right to own property, a right which is not lost through marriage (183) Awoman can “in many cases” leave her husband (83) The head of a household can be female. In 77, he refers to the “master or mistress if the same 86 Locke recognizes that women can be sovereigns, that is Queens. And if a woman is sovereign, she is obviously not subordinate to her husband (47) And of course, this power of a husband over a wife isn’t political power, it doesn’t involve the power of life or death Political Society 87 94 – no man in civil society can be exempted from the laws of it; for f any man may be what he th
More Less

Related notes for POL200Y5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.