POL203 Readings Sept 23.docx

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Political Science
Peter Loewen

POL203 Reaings Sept 2324 Chapter 2 The road to independenceHard to govern being so hard away so the colonies enjoyed this home rule responsible for managing their own domestic affairs The british wante American foreign commerce so it guaranteed itself a market for british goods and supply of cheap raw materialsLegacy of Self GovernanceFirst colonial representative assembly in Virginia August 1619 by 1650 almost all colonies had elective assemblies which could authorize laws and levy taxes The british appointed governors judges sometimes resisted the expansion of local prerogatives But because the elective assemblies paid their salaries these officers found they had to accomdate popular opinion which taught Americans that elected legislatures could dominate other government institutions They also haexperience in elected politicians in negotiating collective agreements They had experience in constitutional writing royal charter or contact between the Crowna British Company had provide the foundation of most coloniesHome rule shortcutted the nation Britain regulated its colonies commere and provided them with military security by means of its navy the colonies managed their own local affairs but this free riding gave them little experience in collective action Britain dealt with the colonies individually Home rule strain 7 years war 1750s Britain wanted collective assistance in defending western frontier from FrenchIndian allies six of 13 colonies didnt send deligatesDismantling Home RuleBritain was broke after war looked to the colonies to share its upkeep only British taxes on the colonies were duties on imports from outside the BE less to raise revenue than to regulate commerce Violated home rule every revenue law British enacted during decade after war contained provisions in tightening its control over internal affairs of the colonyThe most aggressive challenge to home rule came in 1765 with passage of the Stamp Act This law imposed a tax on all printed materials including legal documents licenses insurance papers and land titles as well as a variety of consumer goods including newspapers and playing cards It has been in Britain but was new in America didnt like the instruments used to instruct it they had payed taxes before but they had been selfimposed by the colonial assemblies to provide local services No tax without representation didnt want in the british parliament but wanted home rule Colonial assemblies passed resolutions demanding it be repelledOrganized resistance of ordinary citizens more effective local groups confronted tax collectors and prevented them from preforming their duties through more british taxes this continue the americans boycotted British goods and had protest organizationsBoston Tea Party 1773 a group of patriots dumped 342 chests of tea owned by the East India Company into the Boston Harbor to protest a new tax on Americans favourite beverage Britain
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