textbook chapter 6 summary

51 views4 pages
user avatar
Published on 31 May 2011
School
UTM
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100Y5
Professor
Nov/3/2003 CHANAPS
Notes From Reading
CHAPTER 6: LEARNING
Chapter 6
Learning
-learning refers to a relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge
that is due to experience
-much research on learning conducted on animals because researchers can
exert greater control over animal subjects than human subjects
-conditioning involves learning associations between events that occur in
an organisms environment.
Classical Conditioning
-Phobias are irrational fears of specific objects or situations.
-Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which stimulus acquires the
capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another
stimulus
Pavlov’s Demonstration: “Psychic Reflexes
-Ivan Pavlov was a prominent Russian Physiologist who did Nobel prize
winning research on digestion
-Studying the role of saliva in the digestive processes of dogs when he
stumbled onto what he called psychic reflexes
-As his research progressed, he noticed that dogs accustomed to the
procedure would start salivating before the meat power was presented
-They would salivate in response to a clicking sound made by the device
that was used to present the meat powder
-Used a simple auditory stimulus (presentation of a tone) and then the meat
powder
-Dogs started salivating to the sound of the tone alone
-Tone started out as a neutral stimulus (did not originally produce the
response of salivation)
-Pavlov had demonstrated how learning associations- which were viewed
as the basic building blocks of the entire learning process- were formed by
events in an organisms environment
Terminology and Procedures
-bond between the beat power and salivation was a natural, unlearned
association and did not have to be created through conditioning
-Unconditioned stimulus is a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned
response without previous conditioning. The unconditioned response is an
1/4
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Chanaps learning refers to a relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience. Much research on learning conducted on animals because researchers can exert greater control over animal subjects than human subjects conditioning involves learning associations between events that occur in an organisms environment. Phobias are irrational fears of specific objects or situations. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus. Ivan pavlov was a prominent russian physiologist who did nobel prize winning research on digestion. Studying the role of saliva in the digestive processes of dogs when he stumbled onto what he called psychic reflexes . As his research progressed, he noticed that dogs accustomed to the procedure would start salivating before the meat power was presented. They would salivate in response to a clicking sound made by the device that was used to present the meat powder.