PSY100Y5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Stroop Effect, Sleep Disorder, Sleepwalking

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18 Apr 2012
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Chapter 5 - Consciousness
October 17, 2011
What is consciousness? - unanswered (nobody knows)
- we know things about consciousness
- but we don't know what consciousness is in its self
Consciousness
- animals don't always have control over their instinctive actions like we have the
ability to do (we don't always use it either)
- we have something called internal dialogue: full of the core beliefs we have ourself (always
on)
- allows us to use personal experience to inform us about our choices (used against instinctive
behaviour)
Cortex and Consciousness
- weapon focus: attention goes towards object vs face of person holding the weapon
- our attention isn't always under our conscious control all of the time
- Stroop task: the left hemisphere creates interference w/right hemisphere when reading words
as the colour they appear in
- cognitive biases: tell us what to pay attention to and what not to (different for everybody)
dependent upon their experience
Attention
- attention is a skill that can be improved through practice
- consciousness allows us to have control over our choices (sometimes interferes our instinct
to our peril)
Subliminal Perception
- confabulation: making stuff up that you believe to be true
- classical conditioning: used in advertising to trick u into buying things u don't need/want
- ex. pair toilet paper w/ kittens (target demographic audience women b/c they like kittens)
Neurology of Conscious
- there is no one part of the brain that embodies consciousness (cortex = good candidate)
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