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Chapter 15

PSY100Y5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Solomon Asch, Illusory Correlation, Social Perception


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Chapter
15

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Chapter 13 - Social Behaviour
Introduction
-By 2017, it is projected that 20% of Canadians will be members of a visible minority
-Social psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals thoughts,
feelings and behaviours are influenced by others
-Solomon Asch demonstrates the importance that what he called central traits can have on the
impressions we form of others
-When you interact with others, you're constantly engaged in person perception, the process of
forming impressions of others
-Attractive people tend to be seen as more sociable, friendly, poised, warm and well adjusted
than those who are less attractive
-A study of layers whose law school class photos were evaluated by independent raters found
that physical attractiveness boosted their actual income by 10-12%
-A study found that participants were able to make meaningful interferences about stimulus
persons' extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and self-esteem based on simple
photographs
-Our self-scheme is an integrated set of memories, beliefs and generalizations about one's
behaviour in a given domain
-Research has found that your own self-schemes affects how you process information about
others in terms of that domain
If you do not have a self-scheme relevant to a particular domain, you are referred to as
being aschematic in that domain
-The most common stereotypes in society are based on sex, age, and membership in ethnic or
occupational groups
-Perception is subjective and people often see what they expect to see
-According to Bargh, when schemes are made active by priming, they can automatically and
unconsciously affect behaviour and higher mental processes such as self-evaluation and
judgement
-Illusory correlation occurs when people estimate that they've encountered more confirmations of
an association between social traits than they have actually seen
-Evolutionary theorists assert that humans are programmed by evolution to immediately classify
people as members of an ingroup
-An ingroup is a group that one belongs to and identifies with
-An outgroup is a group that one doesn't belong to or identify with
Ingroup members tend to be viewed in a favourable light
Outgroup members tend to be viewed in terms of various negative stereotypes
Attribution Processes: Explaining Behaviour
-Attributions play a key role in explanatory efforts and have significant effects on social relations
Attributions are interferences that people draw about the causes of events, others
behaviour and their own behaviour
If you conclude that you failed to plan ahead because you're a procrastinator, you've made
an attribution about the cause of your own behaviour
People make attributions because they want to make sense of their own behaviour
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