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Chapter 1

PSY220H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Kurt Lewin, Naturalistic Fallacy, Social Neuroscience

4 pages443 viewsFall 2012

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY220H5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Chapter
1

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CHAPTER 1
WHAT IS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY?
-a science that studies how people think about, influence and relate to others
-social thinking
-how we see others and ourselves
-what we believe
-judgments that we make
-our attitudes
-social influence
-culture and biology
-pressures to conform
-persuasion
-groups of people
-social relations
-helping
-aggression
-attraction, intimacy
-prejudice
-very similar to sociology which is the study of people in groups/societies and to personality psychology
-social psychology concentrates more on individuals with methods that use experimentation
-less focus on differences among individuals and more focus on how individuals view and affect
each other
MAJOR THEMES IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
-Kurt Lewin “behaviour is a function of the person and the situation”
Social thinking
1. We construct our social reality
2. Our social intuitions are powerful, sometimes perilous
Social influences
3. Social influences shape behaviour Applying social
psychology
4. Dispositions shape behaviour 7. Social
psychology’s principles
Social relations are applicable to
everyday life
5. Social behaviour is also biological behaviour
6. Relating to others is a basic need
We construct our social reality
-relate person’s behaviour to their personality if it is consistent and distinctive (ex: always making rude
remarks nasty disposition)
Our social intuitions are often powerful but sometimes perilous
-shape our fears, impressions, relationships
-thinking, memory, attitudes dual processing one conscious and deliberate, one unconscious and
automatic
-intuitions perilous in that thinking can occur offstage but sometimes displaying the results onstage
-intuitively trust our memories more than we should
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