4 elements of the material world thought to be earth, air, fire and. Historical views of abnormal behaviour the persistence of this practice; may have incidentally relieved p on the brain. Box 2. 1 - developments in thinking hysteria and melancholia through the. Hysteria when willis theorized it resulted from a disorder of the brain. Melancholia o referred to as conversion disorder in dsm has a long history believed that it was caused by wandering of the uterus until 17th century. Plato shared the belief that mental disorders were in part divinely caused. Aristotle generally believed hippocrate"s theory of disturbances in bile premodern view of it as a disorder introduced by philippe pinel improved classification schema and examined causes of the disorder. Roman physicians wanted to make their patients comfortable and thus they also followed principle of contrariis contrarius (opposite by.