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PSY311H5 Chapter Notes -Virginity Pledge, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Abecedarian Early Intervention Project


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY311H5
Professor
Stuart Kamenetsky

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Chapter 13
Policy: Improving Children’s Lives
Chapter Outline
POLICY: IMPROVING CHILDREN'S LIVES
WHAT DETERMINES PUBLIC POLICY FOR CHILDREN?
TYPES OF PUBLIC POLICY
CHILDREN IN POVERTY: A SOCIAL POLICY CHALLENGE
ECONOMIC HARDSHIP AND SOCIAL DISADVANTAGE
EFFECTS OF POVERTY ON CHILDREN
PROGRAMS TO REVERSE EFFECTS OF POVERTY
Learning from Living Leaders: Jack P. Shonkoff
Head Start
Learning from Living Leaders: Deborah A. Phillips
Welfare Reform Policies
Learning from Living Leaders: Lindsay Chase-Lansdale
Input and Outcome: Getting What You Pay For
Real-World Application: Early Intervention with Children in Poverty
CHILD CARE: A PROBLEM LACKING UNIFIED POLICY
CHOOSING CHILD CARE: WHATS A PARENT TO DO?
Types of Child Care
EFFECTS OF CHILD CARE ON CHILDREN
Quality of Child Care Matters
What Is Quality Care?
Time in Child Care
Learning from Living Leaders: Kathleen McCartney
HOW CAN POLICY HELP?
Research up Close: The Florida Child Care Quality Improvement Study
TEENAGE PREGNANCY: CHILDREN HAVING CHILDREN
Bet You Thought That . . . More Teens Are Having Sex Than Ever Before

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FACTORS LEADING TO TEEN PREGNANCY
OUTCOMES OF TEEN PREGNANCIES
Problems for the Teenage Mothers
Problems for Children of Teenage Mothers
Problems for Other Family Members
Problems for Teenage Fathers
Happy Endings
Into Adulthood: When Teen Mothers Grow Up
REDUCING TEEN PREGNANCY
Support from the Media
Sex Education in Schools
Learning from Living Leaders: Kristin Anderson Moore
SUPPORT FOR TEENAGE MOTHERS
CHILD ABUSE WITHIN THE FAMILY
CHILD ABUSE: A FAMILY AFFAIR
THE ECOLOGY OF CHILD ABUSE
CONSEQUENCES OF ABUSE
Cultural Context: Child Abuse and Children’s Rights
POLICIES TO PREVENT ABUSE
Programs that Prevent Abuse
Insights from Extremes: Suggestive Interrogations and Legal Policy
Federal and State Policies
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
At the Movies

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Learning Objectives
1. Describe the trade-offs and compromises involved in policy decisions.
2. Define and distinguish between primary and secondary prevention policies.
3. Discuss the different types of policies including economic improvement, service oriented,
parent-directed intervention, intervention with parents and children, and those that target
children directly.
4. Describe the social disadvantage of those living in poverty.
5. Summarize the effects of poverty on children.
6. Describe programs, such as Head Start, that have set out to reverse the effects of poverty for
children.
7. Describe welfare reform (i.e., PRWORA and TANF).
8. Discuss the effects of TANF.
9. Discuss the importance of investing in policies to improve their effectiveness.
10. Explain what parents in the United States, with no uniform policy, face in making decisions
about child care (e.g., cost, convenience quality).
11. Distinguish between different types of available child care.
12. Summarize the findings regarding the effects of quality child care on children. Explain what
quality child care entails.
13. Summarize the effects of the amount of time spent in child care.
14. Discuss how a unified government policy on child care might improve the availability of care,
increase parent knowledge about quality care, providing money to pay for care, to supplement
caregivers’ wages, to regulate quality, and to limit the number of hours children spend in child
care.
15. Discuss the problem of teenage pregnancy in the United States.
16. Describe the factors that lead to teenage pregnancy.
17. Explain the problems that teenage mothers, the children of teenage mothers, other family
members, and teenage fathers face.
18. Describe the different policies that could help to reduce teenage pregnancy (support from the
media, sex education in the schools).
19. Describe how policy may help support teenage mothers.
20. Discuss the prevalence of child abuse in the United States.
21. Distinguish between physical and sexual abuse and child neglect.
22. Describe the factors that make abuse more likely to occur.
23. Summarize the findings regarding the consequences of abuse.
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